Relationship between Passover and Jesus' crucifixion.

 Old Testament

 New Testament

 (dusk Fri)*

Saturday, Abib 9

(dusk Sat)

 *Jewish days start and end at sunset.

 Jesus arrives in Bethany.

 (dusk Sat.)

Sunday, Abib 10

(dusk Sun.)

 The passover lamb is selected.

 Jesus rides into Jerusalem.

 (dusk Sun)

Monday, Abib 11

(dusk Mon)

 The lamb without blemish is kept until the day of sacrifice.

 Jesus is the NT Passover Lamb

 (dusk Mon)

Tuesday, Abib 12

(dusk Tues)

 The lamb without blemish is kept until the day of sacrifice.  

 (dusk Tues)

Wednesday, Abib 13

(dusk Wed)

 The lamb without blemish is kept until the day of sacrifice.  

 (dusk Wed)




Thursday, Abib 14




(dusk Thurs)

Preparation Day for High Sabbath (Passover).






Faultless lambs are killed.

Passover meal eaten at dusk

 Jesus is betrayed by Judas.

Jesus is taken prisoner.

Peter denies Jesus 3 times. 

( all before dawn)

Christ is examined by the chief priests.

Christ is handed over to Pilate and Herod.

Christ is crucified.(9 am)

Christ dies. (3 pm)

Christ buried before sunset.

Women return to prepare spices and ointments.

 (dusk Thurs)

Friday, Abib 15

(dusk Fri.)

 Passover meal completed.

1st Day of Unleavened Bread.

 Women are unable to return to the tomb.

 (dusk Fri.)

Saturday, Abib 16

(dusk Sat.)

 Weekly Sabbath

  Women are unable to return to the tomb.

 (dusk Sat.)

Sunday, Abib 17

(dusk Sun)

 Firstfruits or Wave Sheaf Offering

 Christ is resurrected (before dawn)

The women arrive at the empty tomb.

Jesus appears to to Simon and Cleopas on the road to Emmaus (late afternoon)


Genesis 1:5 God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day. Top

In the Old Testament God gave the instructions for observing the Passover. On the 10th day of the first month an unblemished lamb was chosen by each family and set aside until the 14th day of the month when it was to be killed as a sacrifice.In the Old Testament, for the Passover, a lamb without blemish or fault was sacrificed (Exodus 12:5). Without the blood of the lamb no family would be spared the wrath of God. (Exodus 12:23). In the New Testament Christ is referred to as a lamb without blemish (1 Peter 1:19). Christ's blood- the blood of the unblemished lamb- was shed for us (Luke 22:20) Top

Exodus 12:1-27 During the time between the 10th and the 14th of the month each family's lamb set aside and was inspected for any fault or blemish.Back to chart

In the New Testament, Jesus came to Bethany six days before the Passover on the 9th day of the month (John 12:1). John 12:1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was who had been dead, whom He had raised from the dead. Back to chart

On the next day, -the 10th day of the month- Jesus rode into Jerusalem where the people chose Him (John 12:12-13). He stayed in Jerusalem (the lamb being set aside) where he was tested by the chief priests, Sanhedrin, and Pilate (Matthew 26:59-60, Luke 23:4). This event, Jesus riding into Jerusalem, could not have occurred on Saturday, the Sabbath, because it was against the Law to make an animal work on the Sabbath. Just as the sacrificial lambs were found to be without fault, so too was Jesus found. Back to chart

John 12:12-13 The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: "Hosanna! 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!' The King of Israel!" Back to chart

1 Peter 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. Back to chart


On the 14th day of the month of Abib Jesus was crucified, or sacrificed. On the very same afternoon that the Passover lambs were being killed as a sacrifice, Jesus - the Lamb of God- was being sacrificed for all of us. Back to chart

The Passover is observed on the evening of the 14th , which is the beginning of the 15th day (Jewish days start and end at sundown) of the 1st month (Genesis 1:5). The Preparation Day that Christ was crucified on (Luke 23:54) was Thursday, the Preparation Day for the Passover. In that year the Passover began at sundown Thursday evening which was the start of the Biblical Friday. Back to chart

Luke 23:54 That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near. Back to chart

Friday was the First Day of Unleavened Bread. No one is allowed to work that day. The women would not have been able to return to the tomb with the spices to finish preparing Jesus' body. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. Back to chart

The following day, Saturday, was the weekly Sabbath which no work was to be done and travel was limited. It would have been against the law for the women to go to the tomb with the spices to finish preparing Jesus' body. Back to chart

Luke 22:48But Jesus said unto him, "Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?" Back to chart

Luke 22:54 Then they took Him, and led Him, and brought Him into the high priest's house.Back to chart

Luke 22:61 ..."Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice." Back to chart

Luke 22:66 As soon as it was day the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together and led Him into their council...Back to chart

Matthew 26:59-60 Now the chief priests, the elders, and all the council sought false testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, but found none. Even though many false witnesses came forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came forward... Back to chart

Luke 23:14...I (Pilate) having examined Him before you, have found no fault in this Man touching those things whereof ye accuse Him: No, nor yet Herod... Back to chart

Mark 15:25 And it was the third hour (9am), and they crucified him. Back to chart

Luke 23:44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour (3 pm). And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. Back to chart

Luke 23:56 Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment. Back to chart

Luke 24:6-7 "He is not here, but is risen! Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee, "saying, 'The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.' " Back to chart


Mark 16:1-2 Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him. Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen. Back to chart


Luke 24:1 Now upon the first day of the week...(vs13) And behold two of them went that same day to to a village called Emmaus...(vs 15) ...and Jesus himself drew near and went with them... (vs 29)...for it is toward evening and the day is far spent... Back to chart

The first Sunday after the Passover Sabbath the people were to bring the very first of their harvest, known as Firstfruits or the Wave Sheaf offering, to the temple. The Passover week in which the crucifixion of Christ occured there were two Sabbaths in a row, Friday the Passover/First Day of Unleavened Bread and then Saturday, the weekly Sabbath. Firstfruits or the Wave Sheaf offering was Sunday. The very same day that Christ was resurrected and was the firstfruit of.

Lev 23:10 When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

I Cor 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

I Cor 15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christís at his coming. Back to chart


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